There are seven appointed festivals commanded by Yahweh our God and are known as The Feasts of Yahweh, a better and more accurate name for these set times than "Feasts of the Jews" or "Feasts of Israel" because Yahweh Himself says of these Feasts, "These are My Feasts" (Leviticus 23:2).
Here are the seven Feasts of Yahweh in order according to the Biblical Calendar: Passover, Unleavened Bread, Firstfruits, Pentecost, Feast of Trumpets, Day of Atonement, Feast of Tabernacles
These seven Feasts can also be grouped by the seasons in which they occur, as shown in Deuteronomy 16:16:
These are the three Feasts where all the males of the children of Israel are to appear before Yahweh at the Temple in Jerusalem. Three times a year they would be at the Temple as commanded in Deuteronomy 16:16.
The grouping of the Feasts by season is useful for study because each season has its own harvest and relates to the type of offering presented to Yahweh for a particular Feast.
In general the most popular way to group the Feasts would be into two groups, The Spring Feasts and The Fall Feasts, according to the First and Second Coming of Yeshua our Messiah.
The main text for studying the Feasts of Yahweh is Leviticus Chapter 23.
"Feasts" in Hebrew is the word mo'ed (H4150), which means an appointment, a fixed time, and a festival. It is a stated time to meet, like when a couple sets their wedding date and agree to be there on that chosen date and time.
The first time we see this word "mo'ed" is in Genesis 1:14 where God creates the sun, moon and stars and says they are to be for "mo'ed" (signals) to us. Signs (oth) and signals (mo'ed) to His people.
"Signs" and "signals" is a direct reference back to the Feasts in Leviticus 23. The word "mo'ed" is consistently used throughout the Tanakh (the Old Testament) to refer to the Feasts of Yahweh. We can follow the trail by doing a word study on "mo'ed".
"Proclaim" is the Hebrew word "qara", which means to call out to those who are bidden to attend the Feast. Similar to the idea of sending out a wedding invitation.
In Matthew 22:2-5, we see the Kingdom of Heaven compared to a King preparing a wedding dinner for His Son. As this is a parable about "the Kingdom of Heaven" which is "God's Kingdom" we know that God is showing us how He is the Father in this story, and He is the one preparing for the wedding of His Son.
We can read read more about the Wedding of Messiah to His Bride in the Book of Revelation, but to understand the Marriage Supper of the Lamb, we need to first understand the Feasts of Yahweh.
That is the reason Yahweh commanded for His Feasts to be kept for all generations. So that we will understand both Yeshua's First Coming and His Second Coming.
The Feasts are dress rehearsals for the prophetic events that are going to happen in the future.
And just as the Spring Feasts were fulfilled in order at the First Coming of Messiah, we can be sure that the Fall Feasts will be fulfilled in order at the Second Coming of Messiah.
The four festivals that make up the Spring Feasts include:
We need to keep in mind that the Spring Feasts are when the barley and wheat harvest is ripe and presented to Yahweh at His Feasts.
In the fall/autumn season, grapes would be ripe for harvest in the land of Israel.
The Fall Feasts are types and shadows of Messiah's Second Coming. That is why we see verses in the yet-to-be-fulfilled passages of Revelation speaking about grapes and the winepress of His wrath.
For example, in Revelation 14:18, we read:
"And another angel came out from the altar, which had power over fire; and cried with a loud cry to him that had the sharp sickle, saying, Thrust in thy sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth; for her grapes are fully ripe."
The Fall Feasts which consist of The Feast of Trumpets (Yom Teruah), the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) and The Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot) are next in line to be fulfilled in their order. It is crucial for those of us watching for His Return to understand these Feasts.
These annual dress rehearsals contain a lot of instruction for us as believers in Messiah, and aid us in preparing for upcoming events.
I hope and pray that we will take heed to these instructions contained in the Feasts of Yahweh so that we will all be found faithful and watching when our Master returns.
Once we understand the annual cycle of the Feasts, and their significance in the harvests in Israel, we will see for ourselves their fulfillment in Messiah Yeshua (Jesus) at His two comings.
The eighth article is about The Biblical Calendar - the calendar that God created. Any serious Bible Student must learn about God's Calendar to understand how God calculates days, time, weeks, months and years, etc. Article coming soon!
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